identifies and evaluates new technologies for improving case management and prevention of disease; strengthens the problem-solving capacity of developing country institutions, and guides improvements in national health policies and professional practice.

Avoiding Child Deaths: A Call to Action

On June 20th, leading public health scientists launched a call for urgent action to end a global public-health disaster—that of the fate of more that 10 million children worldwide under five years of age who die every year. The key finding in a series of five articles to be published in The Lancet over the next month is that two-thirds of these child deaths could be prevented with existing knowledge and known treatments for the main causes of childhood death: diarrheal disease, malaria, pneumonia, and neonatal causes. Authors of the series are issuing an urgent call to action—prioritizing the need for global leadership and increased resources—to ensure that child survival becomes a key priority for governments and health agencies worldwide.

Antibiotics and children

It is important to understand that different types of infections can only be treated if the right medicine is used. For instance, antibiotics are only useful to treat bacterial infections and will not provide any benefit for viral infections. Also, many viral infections are mild and will get better without using medicines. Using unnecessary medicines doesn't help and may actually cause harm.

Before an antibiotic is prescribed, your child's doctor will need to find out if your child's infection is caused by bacteria and can be treated with an antibiotic. If an antibiotic is prescribed, it's important that your child takes it for as long as recommended, even if your child feels better. If your child stops taking the antibiotic too soon, the infection may not be treated completely and the symptoms may start again.

Did you know...

2 million children under five die annually from pneumonia in developing countries?

Another 2.2 million children under five die each year due to diarrheal disease?

And although the Child Health Research project has made great strides in combating diarrheal disease and acute respiratory infections in children under five, 5 million neonates still die annually due to infection.

A total of 9.2 million lives lost from preventable and treatable diseases.

Child Health Research is dedicated to conducting applied research that identifies, tests and evaluates new technologies and interventions in six targeted areas to ultimately reduce the mortality and morbidity of children in developing countries and countries in transition.

 CHR's new Special Report on Determinants of Antimicrobial Use in the Developing World

 AIDS Is Your Business (Harvard Business Review, February 2003)

 PowerPoint slide show on INCLEN-IBIS's Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in India.

 PowerPoint slide show on CHR's Research Results and Policy Formulation on Nutrition and Micronutrients.

 CHR Synopsis on the reformulation of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) solution.

 Perinatal and Neonatal Health Interventions Research (Journal of Perinatology, October/November 2002)